Iraqi National Backbone

The Iraqi National Backbone Staff

Great technology leap in the infrastructure of Iraq

The Internet is no longer a luxury; it is an essential feature of the modern world, especially with its latest applications and the ever-increasing demand for data exchange. As we in Iraq intend to catch up with advanced technology and use its instrumental benefits in economics, security, and services. We need to have a highly efficient infrastructure that can support a large network with sufficient capacity to meet the needs of internet data transfer. Hence, the Iraqi National Backbone project.

What are the goals of the project?

The aim of the project is to establish an advanced national digital platform that will run on a fiber optics network infrastructure of enormous capacity. And enable Iraqi government institutions to connect through a safe network. The network is destined to become the foundation of an effective E-government. The project also aims to make high-speed internet available at low cost to all Iraqis. While connecting digitally with the world by opening a new transit path for traffic through Iraq.
The Iraqi National Project is intended to put Iraq up among the ranks of the developed countries. This can be accomplished by providing the right environment for the production of data and information. And enabling Iraq to become a country that produces knowledge rather than one that just consumes it.

Who is responsible for the project?

The Ministry of Communications of Iraq will be running the project represented by SCIS in partnership with two private companies (Earthlink and Symphony), not to mention Cisco which provided the project with cutting-edge devices, technology, and support.
The partnership is also proud of the 100 percent Iraqi team. The team was responsible for the planning, design, and implementation of this giant undertaking. They provided the staff of the SCIS and the staff of the investment companies with the benefit of their combined expertise in engineering, administration, and other disciplines and performed outstandingly. Plus keeping to the work schedule and completing the project in record time. While implementing about 93 percent of the work despite facing obstacles and constraints designed to impede their progress.

Revenues and benefits of The Iraqi National Project

  • Through the Ministry of Communication, the Iraqi government will collect 17 percent of total revenue (not the profit). In addition, 20 percent of total revenue will be collected by the Ministry of Finance as sales taxes, with another three percent as income tax. The total amount will then be 40 percent of the total revenue, which represents about 80 percent of the net profit.
  • The project will contribute to the development of Iraq’s industry, retail, and service sectors, providing the backbone for projects connected with fiber-optic access, E-governance, and data centers. And opening thousands of job opportunities for young Iraqis. Jobs will be direct by working on the project, or indirect by preparing the ground for new kinds of business to thrive, enabling Iraq to keep pace with developments around the globe thanks to its super-fast internet and competitive pricing.
  • The project will generate considerable revenue and thus strengthen the Iraqi economy. With the international portal for large data capacities passing through the country. Iraq will benefit from a new economic resource for the first time ever – previously. the Internet’s fiber-optic cables traveled under the sea to the Persian Gulf than to the Red Sea and Egypt. Or they could be extended around Africa. These cables are very hard to maintain and take a long time to fix when they break. Because they are located on the bottom of the sea—sometimes it can take weeks to repair the underwater cable. But this new network is about to add new land paths to the current submarine network, and it will increase the number of paths that link Europe to the Middle East and then to the Far East.
  • Enhancing Iraq’s position as a leading country in the technology market. By activating international traffic transit is also a valuable addition to Iraqi national security. Because it is now in the interest of all the world’s countries to protect Iraq and the security of the data path that connects economic interests around the globe.
    Providing full infrastructure for establishing and activating government. Which will help simplify government procedures and connect all the state institutions within one secure network, which is what the country currently lacks?
  • Building a secure infrastructure for the national defense And security sectors through six dedicated fiber-optic filaments measuring 4,000 km completely separated from the devices of the project. Which will provide the infrastructure for security surveillance system cameras and reduce the cost of the system by 70 percent.
  • The project will establish a series of giant data centers that will enable Iraq to start producing information and knowledge.
  • Local traffic capacities and the internal metro network. Which will open the door to many applications in healthcare, education, and E-government, in addition to having a refreshing effect on commercial applications?
  • Provide the basic infrastructure for mobile phone operators, enabling 3G and next-generation technologies.
  • Increase Iraq’s GDP and income per capita in proportion to the increase in internet speed. According to many studies and to data from the international bank and other organizations.

Description and Quality Standards

  • The project uses state-of-the-art technologies in the field of fiber optics networks, in partnership with Cisco, the world’s leading company in the field. Thus guaranteeing the highest level of quality standards, and the largest capacity of data transfer with DWDM technology.
  • A total of 109 transmitting switches distributed around the country to ensure the service is delivered to all the cities of Iraq.
  • Cables placed three meters underground—twice as deep as in other parts of the world—for greater protection and to prevent potential disruption caused by work on other sections of the infrastructure.
  • Employing the world’s finest fiber optics products, provided by Corning Inc., the leading provider in the field.
  • The latest electricity generators, designed to work perfectly under Iraqi weather conditions. High capacity DC power supply ensures that devices operate for 10 hours at a stretch in any location—including in emergencies—with no need for an external sources. And with auto firefighting systems installed in all important locations to ensure the safety of devices and to keep them running under extreme conditions.
  • The project’s data centers were implemented with fireproof inflammable materials in accordance with US and European specifications.
  • High standards of protection and safety.
  • An alternative device provided for each phase of data transmission.
  • Multiple paths of fiber optic cable, to ensure the stability of the services in the event of concurrent cuts.
  • Support for Software-Defined Network.
  • Integration with the international access gates of the Ministry of Communications.
  • Fiber optics technology is considered the most environmentally friendly technology, unlike electromagnetic waves, as currently used with wireless data.

For more information, visit the Iraqi National Backbone website.

News Popular Sustainability Tech
December 29, 2018
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